"Hi, Fem. I've been struggling with redness and broken capillaries since high school. My condition worsens when I do sports. Every time I get back from running, it takes at least two hours for my skin to recover and redness to calm down. Wine makes it even worse and in the summertime, I find it increasingly difficult to control the situation.
I wash my face with cleansing foam and use a moisturizing face cream. I have never used other products like toners, serums and so on because I don't even know where to start. Is it possible that I have rosacea? I've read about this and I'm worried that the situation will get worse. I've never been to a dermatologist, so I don't even know what's wrong. I'd like some skin care advice as this might be enough on itself and I might not need a dermatologist."
Judging from the above, a visit to a dermatologist would be the best starting point. The symptoms sound like the initial stage of rosacea, but this may not be the case. People with light complexions, for example, have thinner skin, which, due to its more translucency, shows redness faster. In such cases it is nice to pay a little more attention to the skin, protect it from the sun (every day!) and find triggers that cause redness.
WHAT IS ROSACEA
Rosacea is a skin condition that varies from slight redness to purulent rashes. In most cases, it appears after the age of thirty, but of course, there are exceptions. It is divided into three stages, depending on the condition of the skin. The first stage is the most common and the easiest to treat. The third is extremely rare and the most difficult to cure. Identification of rosacea in the first stages is very important because, without proper treatment, the condition can worsen over time. It is also important to emphasize the fact that rosacea can never be completely eliminated. Symptoms can only be alleviated through care and lifestyle changes.
The first stage of rosacea is characterized by redness, which is more persistent than normal, instant flushing. At this stage, we can begin to notice enlarged capillaries, which are consequently more prominent. This level of rosacea is the most easily suppressed. For most people, the symptoms can be alleviated to the extent that they become barely noticeable. Proper facial care and nutrition are crucial here.
Grade 2 Rosacea is often mistaken for acne because it looks very similar at first glance. In such cases, the opinion of the dermatologist is essential, since rosacea is treated completely differently than acne! In this stage, in addition to the symptoms listed in the first point, papules and pustules appear. The skin looks slightly swollen and often peels off. Some may also have itchy and irritated eyes. All symptoms are still manageable with the help of a dermatologist, but much more attention is needed.
The rarest of the three. In addition to all the symptoms mentioned earlier, deep cracks and swellings occur at this stage. The skin begins to resemble a wrinkled orange peel. Men also develop a bulbous nose.
The list of things that can trigger rosacea is different for everyone. Of course, there are a couple of categories that are usually common to all. Alcohol and unprotected sun exposure are at the top of this list. Alcohol dilates the veins and thus significantly worsens the overall skin condition. Sun-damaged skin is much more susceptible to further inflammation. More non-standard triggers include spicy foods, as they cause discomfort in the body and trigger redness. Problems might worsen even with strenuous exercise, at high or low temperatures, and in the presence of stress. In short, anything that causes skin redness should be avoided.
A nice idea for all beginners is to write a journal that documents the state of redness by activity, the period of life or food consumed. This will help you find the cause much faster and make the elimination system much easier.
Skin is an indicator that shows us what's going on in our body. When the body is in imbalance, it shows up on our skin. It's worth rethinking what we put into our body and other health-related issues. It would make sense to do an elimination test where you eliminate a certain set of foods from your normal diet for one month. Many studies indicate a strong correlation between diet and rosacea. If your gut flora isn't ok, it will sooner and later show up somewhere on the body. Excessive intake of sugar, alcohol, fried and spicy foods will only worsen the condition. All hot drinks and food should also be avoided as they increase body temperature. You can forget bathing or showering with hot water, steam baths and sauna. If too much exercise leaves your face red for hours ahead, do yoga instead. Calm your body. Both through food and exercise.
Also, think about what you apply to the skin. Avoid products that contain fragrances and menthol as they irritate the skin and they dry it up. Wear SPF. Every day, without exception! Mineral ones are best because they do not irritate the skin. Drugstore brands like Avene and Bioderma are a great choice. Both have in their repertoire a line for sensitive skin and skin prone to redness - Antirougeurs and Sensibio. For example, start cleaning your face with micellar lotion. Bioderma is quite versatile and leaves no trace on the skin, while Avene is more suitable for those who want a little more moisturizing. Continue with thermal water to calm your skin and finish with a moisturizer of your choice. The main guide to gentle skincare for redness should be gentle cleansing and good moisturizing. One of the better anti-redness products is certainly Dr. Jart- Cicapair Color Correcting Cream. Leaves a slight film on the skin, which erases imperfections and neutralizes redness. And it also has a mineral-based protective factor! All in one.